in attempt to improve quality of teaching, team teaching and collective efforts were encouraged among staff. experienced professors and teachers were given special responsibilities, asked to head groups of young teachers, supervise preparation of lesson plan, and train teachers in the field. {Julia kwong, 121}

Chinese higher education, Ruiqing Du, 1992

urgent task to upgrade teaching staff, in 1987, only 12.6% have grad degrees, only 0.5% have PhD


introduction of mentor system whereby relatively young, inexperienced faculty members were regularly turoed and supervised in teaching and research (Yuan,1988).