The term Open Educational Resources (OER) was coined at a 2002 UNESCO meeting, and after several years of development of projects and ideas, the community’s understanding of the term was crystallized into the Cape Town Open Education Declaration in 2008 (UNESCO, 2002; Open Education Declaration, 2008). One of the first large institutions to embrace this ideal was Massachusetts Institute of Technology, with its OpenCourseWare project, which has since spread to many other US schools, and universities in more than 30 countries, but there are also many other projects started by individual institutions or groups of individuals (Vest, 2004; OpenCourseWare Consortium, n.d.).