Literature review


In this chapter, I will first introduce the concept of Open Educational Resources, define the concept, and discuss the history of MIT OpenCourseWare. I will then develop a typology of Open Educational Resources based on their purpose, which will be used in chapter six to compare MIT OpenCourseWare with China’s Top-Level Courses Project. The final part of the literature review will introduce the concept of world institutionalism and a critique of the view that educational systems around the world are converging. This will also be further discussed in chapter six.